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Meditation - Tratak, Yantra and OM

Meditation is one of the five principles of yoga. It an important tool to achieve mental clarity and health. An overview of the different beginner and advanced meditation techniques will aid in choosing the right meditation exercise for you.

Tratak or steady gazing is an excellent concentration exercise. It involves alternately gazing at an object or point without blinking, then closing your eyes and visualizing the object in your mind's eye. The practice steadies the wandering mind and concentrates the attention, leading you to focus with pinpoint accuracy. Wherever the eyes go, the mind follows, so that when you fix your gaze on a single point, the mind too becomes one pointed.


The Practice of Tratak

The technique of Tratak remains much the same, whatever the target of your gaze is, though naturally you will have to adapt it slightly when meditating outdoors.

1. Place the object at eye level, three feet (90 cm) away from you.
2. First regulate your breathing, then start to gaze at the object without blinking.
3. Don't stare or gaze vacantly - just look steadily without straining.
4. After about a minute, close your eyes, and keep your inner gaze steady, visualize the object.
5. When the after-image vanishes, open your eyes and repeat.


Tratak Tratak Tratak Tratak
Yantras are geometrical diagrams which serve to focus the mind. Like a mantra each yantra has a specific mystical meaning.

OM - A Powerful Symbol

Tratak A commonly used symbol to focus on while practicing Tratak is the OM symbol. To a yogi no symbol is more powerful than the syllable OM, as witnessed by these words from the Mandukya Upanishad: "OM: this eternal word is all; what was, what is and what shall be." In the Sanskrit letter the longer lower curve represents the dream state, the upper curve stands for the waking state and the curve issuing from the center symbolized deep dreamless sleep. The crescent shape stands for "maya", the veil of illusion and the dot for the transcendental state. When the individual spirit in man passes through the veil and rests in the transcendental he is liberated from the three states and their qualities.

Candle Gazing

Tratak A candle flame is the most widely used object for Tratak, as it easy to hold an after-image of the bright flame when you close your eyes. You should place the candle at eye level in a darkened, draught-free room.

If you want more information on Meditation you can surf to our dedicated Meditation website On Why Meditate? The benefits of Meditation, you can read more in detail on the benefits of your meditation practice. is providing lots of information on meditation, meditating, meditation techniques, meditation postures, meditation courses, meditation products, the advantages of meditation and a meditation forum.

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Article Comments
Wednesday 25th February 2009 at 10:11:51 AM  

It is a brief but very informative article. The explanation on Om and its Sanskrit Alphabet is to the point and very illuminative.I want to inquire about significance of labels givens to chakras(energy centers) Muladhar, swathisthan, Manipur,Anahat, Vishudhi, Agya,Bindu, and Sahastrar. These words are to be used as mantras when we meditate,Another mantr is So Hum.This is also quite popular and useful mantra.Another less known but imp. mantra is kshi, pa, On SwaHa. these 5 words have relationship to 5 energy centers. I am trying to find out signficance ot this mantra and how each word has to be used.Please post the same if possible.

Thursday 26th November 2009 at 2:12:17 AM  

thankyou for clearing my thoughts

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