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Yoga Dictionary

Yoga Dictionary - Yoga Terms and Definitions

Add Dictionary Word Submit a Dictionary Word

These are the Yoga Terms, Definitions, Slang and other words currently stored in our Yoga Dictionary. If you know any yoga terms that are not mentioned in this list then go ahead and suggest a word for our dictionary.

There are 100 Yoga Terms in our Yoga Dictionary:
 

AGAMI KARMA

(submitted by: Shihansean)



"Karma yet to come." It is the result of acts performed during this present life which will mature in the normal course of events.

AGNI

(submitted by: Shihansean)



This refers to the Vedic God of fire.

AHANKARA

(submitted by: Shihansean)



This refers to egoism or self-conceit; the false "I"; "I" am-ness. It is the self-arrogating principle "I" that is projected by the mind rather than the real self. "Ego" (ahankara) is manifested whenever "I" is said or claimed by anything other than the spirit-self.

AHIMSA

(submitted by: suresh)



This is non-injury in thought, word, and deed.

ANGA

(submitted by: mec-mec)



Or "limb", is a fundamental category of the yogic path.

ANJANEYASANA

(submitted by: kalari)



The halfmoon. It's a really good warm-up for other asanas bending your back and gives a great stretch to the spine.

ANUSARA YOGA

A new style developed by John Friend, Anusara Yoga is described as heart-oriented and spiritually inspiring, yet grounded in a deep knowledge of outer and inner body alignment. Know what this is all about as well as the other Styles of Hatha Yoga in our Yoga Styles - The Different Styles of Hatha Yoga section.

APARIGRAHA

(submitted by: suresh)



This means not receiving anything freely, not receiving and keeping unwanted things.

ASANAS

Also called Yoga Postures, Asanas are gentle stretching movements designed to help balance the mind and body. Learn the different Yoga Postures in our Yoga Exercise - Yoga Postures and Poses section.

ASHRAM

(submitted by: joyasto)



A retreat or secluded place, usually where the principles of yoga and meditation are practiced.

ASHTANGA YOGA

A Style of Yoga developed by K. Pattabhi Jois, it literally means Eight Limb Yoga and revolves in Pattanjali's idea that the path of purification is composed of eight spiritual practices. Visit our Ashtanga Yoga - Patanjali's Eight Limbed Yoga section for more details.

ASTHEYA

(submitted by: suresh)



This means non-covetousness, not eagerly desirous of things belonging to others.

BÁBÁ NÁM KEVALAM

(submitted by: Sai Yogi)



A tantric kiirtan to liberate the mind and attain supreme devotion. Bábá= Divine Father, the dearest & nearest one, Nám= name, Kevalam= only. So it means I love Him alone, the dearest & nearest One. It can be chanted in any tune or to recite for meditation

BHAKTA

(submitted by: mec-mec)



A disciple practicing Bhakti Yoga.

BHAKTI YOGA

This is the path of heart and devotion or the Yoga of devotion. Know more about this branch of Yoga in our What is Yoga: Definition of Yoga and the Six Branches of Yoga section.

BHUJA

(submitted by: marlonborreo)



the arm or shoulder

BHUJANGASANA

(submitted by: marlonborreo)



the cobra posture

BIKRAM YOGA

Heat is used in Bikram Yoga in order to allow you to go deeper and safer into a Yoga Pose. It is a series of 26 poses performed in a room heated from around 90-100 degrees Fahrenheit. Visit our Bikram Yoga - The 26 Pose Yoga in Heat section for details.

BRAHMACHARYA

(submitted by: suresh)



This means self- restraint, abstinence, and moderation, a constant journey to the ultimate, to God.

CHAKRA

(submitted by: marlonborreo)



A center of radiating life force or energy that is located between the base of the spinal column and the crown of the head. Sanskrit for “wheels.” There are seven chakras.

CHAKRA (INTUITION) YOGA

(submitted by: yogidoll)



A style of Yoga practiced in Hatha, Classical Yoga. Chakra Yoga is a holistic practice of ancient techniques, designed to stimulate the flow of energy vortexes known as chakras. It utilizes all forms and types, from the postures of hatha, to breathing practices of pranayama to mantra and meditation in a systematic self study. Chakra Yoga is also an elaborate form of tantra or kundalini yoga.

CHITTA

(submitted by: Samir Rane)



Chitta in Sanskrit means mind

CORPSE YOGA POSE

Also called Savasana, this is the classic relaxation Yoga Pose, practiced before or in between Asanas and as Final Relaxation. Read our Yoga Exercise - Corpse Pose (Savasana) section and learn how to do this exercise.

DHARANA

(submitted by: joyasto)



From the word dhri meaning “to hold firm,” this is concentration or holding the mind to one thought.

DHYANA

(submitted by: suresh)



This means meditation.

DRISHTI

(submitted by: anagonzales)



Drishti is the focus of the eyes in meditation. This is the focal point where one’s gaze lies to attain concentration alignment, and inner and outer balance. One actually does this to prevent distractions, but should be looking inwardly and not concentrate on the physical object. This could be the tip of your nose or in between your eyebrows, depending on your yoga pose.

HAMSA KUMBHAKA

(submitted by: marlonborreo)



The Swan Breath, a gently powerful pranayama used with meditation to guide the Shakti to the swan.

HATHA YOGA

This is the most popular branch of Yoga and from which a lot of the Styles of Yoga originated including Power Yoga, Bikram Yoga, Ashtanga Yoga and Kundalini Yoga. Visit our Hatha Yoga - The Yoga of Postures section for additional information.

HIRANYAGARBHA

(submitted by: mec-mec)



The mythical founder of yoga; the first cosmological principle to emerge out of the infinite Reality; also called Brahma.

INTEGRAL YOGA

(submitted by: marlonborreo)



This yoga style places almost as much emphasis on pranayama (control of breath) and meditation as it does on postures. Founded by Sri Ghose Aurobindo (1872-1950) and promoted by Rev. Sri Swami Satchidananda (Sri Gurudev).

ISLAMYOGA

(submitted by: wafayoga)



Islam yoga ( Islamga ) is an old kind of yoga rediscover by Guru Wafaa in 1985 .Islam yoga is the art and science of physical, mental, spiritual health which lead to the harmony and balance to reach the inner peace through the principles of the Islamic culture and civilization for everyone.see:www.islamyoga.com

IYENGAR YOGA

(submitted by: joyasto)



B.K.S. Iyengar developed this yoga style, which stresses understanding the body and how it works. Students focus on symmetry and alignment, using props — such as straps, blankets, wooden blocks, and chairs — to achieve postures. Each pose is held for a longer amount of time than in most other yoga styles.

JALANDHAR BANDH

(submitted by: ajay)



A very popular air lock in the cerebral area, it is performed by a deep inhalation and taking the air behind your eyes between the ears, above your pallate, below your brain, and locking the chin by slightly pressing it downwards. This is a powerful energiser of the cerebral area. It increases the oxygen level and blood circulation, clears the sinus blocks, massages the ear drums,and cleans the nasopharangial passage. The bandh has a profound effect on the thyroid and para thyroid glands too which in turn is responsible for the overall growth of the body. The JALANDHAR BANDH is named after its founder JALANDHAR KRISHI.

JAPA

(submitted by: marlonborreo)



the process in which a devotee repeats the name of the God. The repetition can be aloud or just the movement of lips or in mind. This spiritual practice is present in the major religions of world. This is considered as one of the most effective spiritual practice.

JNANA YOGA

(submitted by: mec-mec)



This is one of the four basic paths in Yoga (Jnana, Bhakti, Raja, and Karma). Jnana Yoga is the path of wisdom. Jnana in Sanskrit means "knowledge" and is interpreted to mean "knowledge of the true self".

KAPALABHATI

This refers to a Breathing Technique used specifically for cleansing. Know how it is done in our Breathing Exercise (Pranayama) - Kapalabhati (Cleaning Breath) section.

KARMA YOGA

(submitted by: marlonborreo)



Yoga in which action is done as a duty, without any concern for success or failure.

KARMADY

(submitted by: YogaMama5)



finding humor and enlightenment in what the universe brings back to you.

KIRTAN

(submitted by: Ladymowgli)



is call-and-response devotional chanting. It is a form of meditation in Vaisnava tradition, Sikhism, the Sant traditions, and some forms of Buddhism, as well as other religious groups. The singing is accompanied by musical instruments and rhythmic drumming and the audience is encouraged to participate by chanting, clapping and dancing. In its heartfelt expression kirtan can induce profound states of meditation, bliss and ecstasy.

KRIPALU YOGA

Also called the Yoga of consciousness, Kripalu puts great emphasis on Proper Breath, alignment, coordination of breath and movement, and "honoring the wisdom of the body" -- you work according to the limits of your individual flexibility and strength. For more information, visit our Yoga Styles - The Different Styles of Hatha Yoga section.

KRIYA

(submitted by: anagonzales)



Kriya is a traditional yoga purification movement, physical actions, or exercises that aims to awaken the kundalini energy. This provides a cleansing process of one’s inner body that results to higher knowledge and state of consciousness.

KRIYA YOGA

(submitted by: marlonborreo)



Kriya yoga is a set of advanced techniques, or kriyas, practiced as a type of yoga popularized in the West by Paramahansa Yogananda, which, according to those who practice it, accelerates the spiritual evolution of the practitioner. Gurus and their disciples of Yogananda's Self-Realization Fellowship have and continue to initiate into kriya yoga people professing an interest in becoming more spiritual.

KUNDALINI

(submitted by: vir)



It is the coiled and dormant 'feminine' energy, refers to the vast potential of psychic energy contained within us all. It is normally symbolized as a serpent coiled into three and a half circles, with its tail in its mouth, and spiraling around the central axis (sacrum or sacred bone) at the base of the spine. The awakening of this serpent and the manifestation of its powers is a primary aim of the practice of Kundalini Yoga. The image of coiling, like a spring, conveys the sense of untapped potential energy that will spring into action soon. Kundalini plays between two poles, one positive — the Sun, one negative—the Earth,

KUNDALINI YOGA

Considered as the mother of all the Styles of Yoga, this is the most powerful Yoga ever known. It centers on awakening the Kundalini, the energy (serpent power or Bhujangini) which is found at the base of our spine or the Muladhara Chakra. For more information, read our Kundalini Yoga - Awakening the Kundalini Energy section.

KUNDALINI YOGA

(submitted by: Nympheia)



Kundalini yoga is a physical and meditative discipline, comprising a set of techniques that use the mind, senses, and body to create a communication between "mind" and "body". Kundalini yoga focuses on psycho-spiritual growth and the body's potential for maturation, giving special consideration to the role of the spine and the endocrine system in the understanding of yogic awakening (Sovatsky, 1998).

LAYA YOGA

(submitted by: mec-mec)



The "Yoga of dissolution": an advanced form or process of Tantric yoga by which the energies associated with the various psycho-energetic centers (cakra) of the subtle body are gradually dissolved through the ascent of the serpent power (kundalini-shakti).

LOTUS YOGA POSE

This pose is such a perfect Meditation posture (if you can do it comfortably). It is a Yoga position in which you can sit perfectly straight and be absolutely still, relaxed, comfortable, and alert. Read our Yoga Exercise - Lotus Yoga Pose (Padmasana) section and learn how to do this Yoga Pose.

MANTRA

(submitted by: vir)



Mantra is the scientific use of sound to affect the consciousness. Next to breathing (necessary for any endeavor), the use of Mantra is the most important aspect of the practice of Kundalini Yoga. ‘MAN’ means mind. ‘TRA’ means to tune the vibration (just as one tunes the strings of a guitar). Mantra is a sound current which tunes and controls mental vibration.

MANTRA

(submitted by: marlonborreo)



A sacred mystic syllable, word or verse used in meditation and japa to quiet the mind, balance the inner body and attain other desired aims.

MARJARI ASANA

(submitted by: Aparna)



cat posture

MEDITATION

This is one of the Five Principles of Yoga. It is the practice by which there is constant observation of the mind. It requires you to focus your mind at one point and stilling the mind in order to perceive the self. For more information, visit our Meditation - Meditation Exercises and Techniques section.

MUDITA

(submitted by: HelenThomas)



Its Pali for sympathetic joy. It is part of the yoga of love.

MUDRA

(submitted by: anagonzales)



a symbolic gesture transmitting or redirecting energy in yoga or meditation. This can be a whole-body gesture or a hand gesture, like pressing your palms together. It is also defined as a hand gesture used in a traditional Indian dance.

NADI

(submitted by: vir)



The word nadi comes from the Sanskrit root nad meaning "channel", "stream", or "flow".,RIVER.There are nearly 72000 nadis in the human body.The most important of them are Ida,Pingla,and Shushmna.Nadis are not nerves but subtle channels for the flow of consciousness.The basic purpose of Hatha Yoga is to purify the Ida and Pingala Nadis and then uniting these two forces with the third Psychic Nadi Sushumna, which carries Kundalini at Ajna Chakra (eyebrow center).Intersections of the nadis are called chakras.

NAMASTE

(submitted by: anagonzales)



or “I bow to the divine in you”. Namaste is a traditional Indian greeting of respect and thank you, with spiritual and symbol meaning. This is done with your palms pressed together in the middle of your forehead (third eye) or at your heart, and lightly bow your head and shoulders.

NETI-NETI

(submitted by: marlonborreo)



Means “Not this. Not this.” In meditation, you gently dismiss thoughts, images, concepts, sounds, and distractions by applying the principle of neti-neti or telling yourself, “Not this. Not this.”

NIYAMA

(submitted by: suresh)



It is the personal discipline such as cleanliness, contentment, austerity, self-study, devotion to God, etc.

NOULI

(submitted by: mygoldlily)



yoga posture

OM

(submitted by: anagonzales)



or “aum”, a single-sound mantra that signifies the unification of the body, mind and spirit. This is an ancient Indian chant where the whole world was created and radiates. Om is also the vibration symbolizing Brahman. It was said that enlightenment and unification with the Supreme Being can be attained through this natural sound.

PADMA

(submitted by: vanu)



Padma means flower. Padma originated from Sanskrit language in India.

PADMASANA

(submitted by: marlonborreo)



also known as the Lotus Pose. The position puts the soles of the feet up, reminiscent of a lotus flower. The most renowned of all Hatha Yoga postures.

PANCHA INDRIYAS

(submitted by: yogitonmoy)



Pancha means five and Indriyas means the five senses organs. So these are five senses organs. Followings are the five senses organs and their foods: 1) The eyes – like to see 2) The nose likes to smell 3) The tongue likes to test 4) The ears like to hear melodious sounds and 5) The skin likes the tender touch After having control over the vital forces of the body, a Yogi retracts the ‘Pancha Indriyas’, the five ‘sense organs’ towards the inner self, the CHITTA.

PANCHA KOSHAS

(submitted by: yogitonmoy)



Pancha means five and Kosha means Sheath. According to “Taittiriyopanishad”, Pancha Koshas are the five sheaths, which cover the overall human system. These are the Annamaya kosha (Food Sheath), Pranamaya kosha (Pranic Sheath), Manomaya kosha (Mental Sheath), Vijnanamay kosha (Intellectual Sheath) and Anandamaya kosha (Blissful Sheath).

PANCHAMAHABHUTA

(submitted by: yogitonmoy)



Pancha means five, Maha means great, and Bhuta here is elements. According to Indian ancient philosophy, the physical body is made up of five elements or ‘Panchamahabhoota’ in Sanskrit, namely - Air, Water, Fire, Earth, and Sky. Some of the Asian countries such as China, Japan, etc. believe this ancient theory as well. Deficiency or Imbalance of these elements disrupts the immunity system and causes disease. Yogic ways are there for the elements to bring into balance known as Hasta Mudra or Hand Gesture.

POWER YOGA

This is the Western version of the Indian Ashtanga Yoga. Read our Power Yoga - Power Up with Power Yoga section for more information.

PRANA

(submitted by: marlonborreo)



Life energy, life force, or life current. These finer-than-atomic energies have inherent intelligence, according to Yogananda, as opposed to atoms and electrons, which are considered to be blind forces. The Chinese call this life force chi.

PRANAYAMA

Also called Yoga Breathing or Breathing Exercise, Pranayama is one of the Five Principles of Yoga which promotes proper breathing. Learn the different Breathing Exercises and Techniques in Yoga in our Yoga Breathing (Pranayama) - The Art of Yoga Breathing section.

PRATYAHARA

(submitted by: marlonborreo)



Withdrawing the senses in order to still the mind as in meditation. The fifth stage of yoga.

RABEEK

(submitted by: rabeek)



Friend in arabic

RAJASIC

(submitted by: indianth)



Spicy and pungent foods that speed up the body and may lead to overstimulation.

SABDA

(submitted by: vir)



Sabda(sound)is of two kinds: lettered (varnatmaka) and unlettered (dhvanyatmaka,auditory). The dhvani is caused by the striking of two things together whereas the former is not caused by any striking; it is anahata, not struck.The last one is really eternal,and is used as Mantra

SADHAKA

(submitted by: suresh)



This is a student who strives for a goal.

SAMANU

This is an advanced practice for purifying the nadis that combines pranayama with chakra visualization and japa on the bija mantras of air, fire, moon and earth. Learn how to do it in our Breathing Exercise (Pranayama) - Samanu (Purifying the Nadis) section.

SANYASIN

(submitted by: carol)



Mother of all religion, all people

SANYASIN

(submitted by: vanu)



Sanyasin is a woman who left all kinds of emotions like happiness and sadness (without having any feelings or emotions) in the world. She is not the mother of world [somebody wrote she is the mother of world]. Sanyasin is a Sanskrit word.

SATHYA-

(submitted by: suresh)



This refers to truth meant to do good to others.

SATSANG

(submitted by: lguthrie)



(Sanskrit) Usually translated as "truth-company" or being in the company of the wise. And satsang, according to several texts of yoga, is one of the great doorways to inner freedom. As is the case with meditation and asana, the more you practice satsang, the more likely you are to experience its power—and you don't have to join an existing community in order to do this. Some of the most powerful satsangs are the ones we create informally. An informal satsang group should be small—five to seven is a good number, and you can easily form one with three, two, or even just one other person. All it takes is (1) a decision to have a spiritual dialogue; (2) some sublime and true words to spark your insight; and (3) a shared agreement on the ground rules.

SATTVIC

(submitted by: indianth)



Fresh, pure unadulterated food. Devout students of yoga try to eat mainly sattvic food.

SATTVIC

(submitted by: indianth)



Fresh, pure unadulterated food. Devout students of yoga try to eat mainly sattvic food.

SATTVIC DIET

Considered as the purest Diet, it is the most suitable one for any serious student of Yoga. Sattvic is one of the qualities, or Gunas, of energy in the unmanifested universe. Know more about this diet and other Gunas in our Yoga Diet - The Three Gunas section.

SHADA-RIPU

(submitted by: yogitonmoy)



This means Six-Enemies. Though these are the blessings for living a life, they bring with them some vices which are called “SHADA RIPU” or Six Enemies. In the fourth chapter of Gheranda Samhita, the Six Enemies are said to be SEX, ANGER, GREED, ILLUSION, PRIDE and JEALOUSY. Since the organs are the centers of perception and sensation, having control over the organs keeps the mind free from all these unnecessary disturbances. In Loknath Yogic System, we give more importance to follow this practice to control over Six-Enemies along with the Five-Sense organs or Pancha-Indriya at Pratyahara.

SHANTI

(submitted by: anagonzales)



is peace or tranquility in Sanskrit. This inner peace is chanted to prevent curses and bad karma. Often, this is repeated three times after a prayer in order to achieve spiritual serenity.

SIVANANDA YOGA

(submitted by: joyasto)



Sivananda yoga offers a gentle approach, which takes the student through the twelve sun salutation postures and incorporates chanting, meditation, and deep relaxation in each session. Teachers encourage students to embrace a healthy lifestyle that includes a vegetarian diet and positive thinking with meditation.

SROTAS

(submitted by: marlonborreo)



Channels or spaces through which flow occurs.

SUN SALUTATION

Also called Surya Namaskar, Sun Salutation limbers up the whole body in preparation for the yoga asanas. Read our Yoga Exercise - Sun Salutation (Surya Namaskar) section and learn how to do this exercise.

SVAROOPA YOGA

This teaches significantly different ways of doing familiar Poses, emphasizing the opening of the Spine, beginning at the tailbone and progressing through each spinal area in turn. Visit our Yoga Styles - The Different Styles of Hatha Yoga section to know more about Svaroopa Yoga.

SWASHTHA

(submitted by: vir)



It is a Sanskrit word.It is made by combination of two words-;swa,and ashtha.Swa means self.Ashtha means established.The literal meaning of the word,therefore, is the one who is established in the self.In other words,swashtha is the person who is fully centered,balanced,calm,cool.In general parlance Swahtha is translated as 'healthy',though it is much more than that.

TANTRA YOGA

(submitted by: marlonborreo)



This yoga uses visualization, chanting, asana, and strong breathing practices to tap highly charged kundalini energy in the body.

TASMASIC

(submitted by: indianth)



Impure foods. Processed, factory farmed, preserved, pickled, stale, salted and packaged foods are examples of tasmasic foods.

THAI YOGA VINYASA

(submitted by: edgethai)



Connecting through breath to another individual, through the use of assisted stretching, compressing and exchange. Both practitioners stay connected through touch, while the giver leas the receiver through a relaxed yoga routine. Based on the ancient principles of Thai Massage, this is yoga for 2 people.

TRATAKA

(submitted by: vir)



Trataka - also called Yogic gazing - is a practice where the gaze is fixed on an object for some time and then that object is visualized clearly with the eyes closed, as an inner image at the eyebrow center. It improves concentrative powers and mental resolve.Even helps in many eyes'disorders.

TRATAKA

(submitted by: vir)



Trataka - also called Yogic gazing - is a practice where the gaze is fixed on an object for some time and then that object is visualized clearly with the eyes closed, as an inner image at the eyebrow center.

UJJAYI

Also called Loud Breathing, this involves drawing air in through both nostrils with the glottis held partially closed. Ujjayi is translated as "what clears the throat and masters the chest area." Know more about the practice of Ujjayi in our Breathing Exercise (Pranayama) - Ujjayi (Loud Breathing) section.

VAJROLI

(submitted by: vir)



Vajroli is the practice included in maithuna or yogic intercourse. Through the practice of vajroli, sexual energy, hormones and secretions are re-assimilated in the body. Its outcome is the union of the negative and positive poles of energy within the body.

VAJROLI MUDRA

(submitted by: vir)



Translated as Thunderbolt Seal,it involves the voluntary prevention of ejaculation at the moment of orgasm.

VINIYOGA

(submitted by: joyasto)



This is a yoga style involves the application or use of different tools in yoga practice such as asana, chanting, pranayama (control of breath), and meditation. It is ideal for novices and more and more people are practicing it because they believed that Viniyoga has therapeutic value.

VINYASA

This is one of the Principles of Ashtanga Yoga that makes it distinct from the other Styles of Yoga. Vinyasa, which means breathing and movement, is for internal cleansing. Read our Ashtanga Yoga - Patanjali's Eight Limbed Yoga section for additional information.

YAMA

(submitted by: suresh)



This is a group of disciplines to be maintained by a yoga practitioner. It is the social discipline, including non-violence, truthfulness, non-covetousness, moderation in sex, no acquisitiveness, etc.

YOGA-SHASTRA

(submitted by: yogitonmoy)



Shastra is scripture or treatise or an art of science. Yoga-Shastra means Yoga Scripture or Yogic Science.

YOGI

(submitted by: zakirhussain)



Someone who follow the path of yoga.A female yogi called a yogini.

 
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